Archive for the ‘ building credit ’ Category

Establishing credit: update #3

Happy New Year!

So today I casually checked my online bank statement as I obsessively do almost every day (aka “watching the grass grow”) and what do I notice? Why, a little gift for New Year’s, courtesy of Capital One!

I mentioned before that I expected another raise of my credit limit in about May 2013, but I miscalculated. Today (January 2015) I find myself with a glorious limit of $2,250! Wow! That came unexpected. So I went from $300 in May 2012 to $500 in November 2012 to $750 sometime towards the end of 2013 (probably November or December–I forgot to report on this!) to, now, $2,250. From $300 to $2,250 in 2.5 years is not bad!

What I find interesting–and symptomatic for the entire credit system–is that I’ve been spending tiny amounts (often no more than $10 per month, mostly on e-books and such) and that I, as a customer, obviously don’t need this kind of credit line. Yet they hand it out anyway, probably according to some algorithm, trying to tempt me into spending more. Having said that, I’ve been obsessively paying my bills in full and on time (as I usually do), so that will certainly help mark you as a reliable candidate. But still.

The good news, then, is that you just need to follow some simple rules for establishing credit, keeping it, and increasing it:

  • Be patient;
  • Spend responsibly;
  • Never max out your credit limit; and
  • Always pay on time (and also in full if you can).

Establishing credit: update #2

I know it says update in the title, but there really isn’t one. Over the past six weeks I’ve received several more offers from Discover and American Express, all of which I threw away. Interestingly, Amex is now offering me the Gold card–the Gold card that a few years ago was not that easy to get unless you spent significant amounts of money every month! Are they so desperate that they offer these to just about anyone? Or is the whole Gold card thing just a ploy; essentially the same card as the regular green card, only with a higher annual fee (“free in the first year”)?

I’m still hoping for Amazon to increase the gift card amount on their rewards card, but thus far it’s still $30. I guess the next step could be just any old store card, but I really like books more than anything (and Barnes & Noble only offer a $25 gift card with their branded Mastercard).

Finally, since I applied for my Capital One Mastercard in May of last year and since they’ve already raised my credit limit once, I expect I get another raise in May of this year. We’ll see!

PS I don’t know if anyone else has noticed this, but it’s interesting to me that all of the branded credit cards I have come across are Mastercard, never Visa. I remember a time when you almost couldn’t get a Mastercard (in France and Luxembourg, at least); it was Visa all the way. I guess they’ve been making bad business decisions… Looking at their stock evaluations (Visa share price, Mastercard share price), Mastercard is worth more than three times than Visa! But: both companies have more or less doubled their share price since 2011.

Establishing credit: update

Now that we’ve all figured out how the system works and how it wants to be gamed, we can use it to our advantage.

As mentioned, Capital One offered me an initial $300 credit line. For six months, I was very disciplined and regularly spent small-ish amounts, never exceeding a balance of $200. Remember, never get too close to your limit! I redirected some of my subscriptions (Kindle, Netflix) to it so there would be small and, most importantly, regular amounts. Also, I paid every balance always in full and always on time. Also very important! After six months they quietly raised my credit limit to $500. W00t! Still not much but at least I’m moving up. I’m guessing they will keep going up if I stick with it.

Now for my prepaid Amex. There is no way of “upgrading” this prepaid card to a real one; so much for that. So I just kept spending and reloading; I typically have a $100-$150 positive balance on it (no interest of course). It’s a bit of a pain because reloading takes several days–yeah, the money is gone from my bank account but Amex gets to play with it for a couple of days! Not cool. I also tried to contact Amex several times regarding a “real” card but every time I was referred to their general website where I could apply along with everyone else. So, I decided to give up on it. Keep in mind that you shouldn’t request too many cards at the same time or too frequently as this is negative for your credit.

Along with the $500 credit line from Capital One I started getting my first credit card solicitations. Never anything major, but I think I was offered the Discover card twice. With a $700 credit limit. Yeah, whatever.

Then, I applied for an Amazon Store Card in November–about 6 months into my experiment. To my surprise I was immediately accepted. And with a $1,400 credit line no less. So, I have started spending on that. I bet that after six months they will raise that limit, too.

And now for the big news… Today, 8 months into my experiment, I received an offer from Amex: for a real card (yep, the green one). I’m contemplating applying for it, but I have two good fires going right now (Capital One credit card, Amazon Store Card), so I wonder if I should. It’s free in the first year but $95 as of year two. Also, I want to apply for the Amazon Credit Card once they set their welcome gift back to $50 instead of currently $30. Don’t apply for too many things, remember!

I will report back 🙂

PS Oh, I should also mention that I requested my annual credit report from in December, the only legit source. Alas, both Equifax and TransUnion screwed this one up: Apparently, if you haven’t been in the system long some random information pops up including on your verification questions, so both were inaccessible and hence completely useless. Plus, there is no point trying to correct it because it’s a system flaw. Experian was great, however, giving me full and accurate information. I didn’t request my score as it’s probably very low anyway, but I will request it later on this year.

Establishing credit

For a foreign national such as myself, and a self-employed one at that, it is extremely difficult to establish credit in the U.S.

I feel like being 18 all over again: with 20+ years of professional background I have the same credit history as a college student, i.e. none. And as I soon learned, having no credit is even worse than having bad credit. Can I get a credit card? No. A store card? No. Sign the lease on that new apartment? No. Not even my own bank, the one I’ve been banking with here in the U.S., the one I have a savings account with, deposit checks into, have my name on the contract with. No. What about a secure credit card? No. Prepaid credit card? No. Some banks might be happy to help you out if you’re in full-time employment and can show a steady paycheck. But what about us, this ever-growing number of young entrepreneurs, writers, translators, Generation Flux?

Let’s talk about the whole idea of credit for a little bit. In order to establish and, ultimatively, build credit, you have to prove that a) you don’t really need it, and b) that you’re somewhat irresponsible. Let me explain. I’ve had all the utility bills in my name for a while (electricity, gas, water): not included in your credit history. I attend graduate school, but instead of taking out a student loan I work and save money until I can pay for the next semester. Not included in your credit history. I rent because I can’t afford to buy but always pay my rent in full and on time. Not included in your credit history. None of these things matter for your credit score. The only thing that matters are credit cards, personal loans, and mortgages. You’re a responsible adult who prefers to not take out loans and uses cash, checks, or debit cards? Doesn’t matter because the system is broken. If it were up to me, bills such as electricity would be a big part of your credit history (this should also be easy enough to monitor). Someone who pays their rent and bills on time and in full, is someone I would consider credit-worthy. Someone who does not take out loans but instead has a savings account, is someone I would consider credit-worthy.

But enough of that. We know the system is broken. How do we game it and make it work to our advantage? Before the financial crisis it was pretty easy to apply for a credit card and thus get started on establishing credit. No longer. Here’s what’s working for me right now:

  1. Apply for a credit card with Capital One. I had zero history with them, and still they offered me a credit card (not a prepaid, not a secured, but a proper credit card) with a $300 limit. That’ll do for starters, thank you! Once you’re spending and paying off, they will no doubt raise the limit.
  2. Apply for a prepaid credit card with American Express. This won’t help to establish credit, but it’ll build history with American Express. Once you’re spending and paying off they will likely offer you a proper charge card, which will then count toward your credit score.

I was approved for both cards with no trouble; no proof of income or financial commitments necessary. The important part to remember is this:

  1. Use the new credit card often: every time you buy groceries, every time you get gas, every time you shop on The more transactions (even tiny ones), the better.
  2. If you do have a limit (like my Capital One $300), do not exhaust it. Ever. Try to spend 50-75% 30-50% of the limit, but no more. This shows that you’re responsible about your spending limits.
  3.  Pay off the card on time and in full every single month.

I have only just started on this route, and I will be reporting back. Based on my experience from living in other countries and establishing a history there, it should take about six months or so for these companies to start trusting you. I’m counting on having a full American Express credit card within 12-18 months.

Once you have all that working and established (at least six months), try other small things, such as applying for a store card with a big brand store such as Macy’s, and take out a small personal loan that you don’t need and pay it off regularly. Personal loans are great for credit building. Don’t forget: you’re doing all of this not because you need the money but because you’re building a credit history. Don’t even think about being late on a payment.

Finally, check your credit score once a year to make sure you’re on the right track. There is only one authorized platform, which is and covers all three bigwigs: Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion. Good luck!

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